Field experiments were conducted in 2005 to evaluate potential weed control interactions when MON 3539 (glyphosate) was applied with several insecticides and a plant growth regulator to RoundupReady Flex® cotton. Applications were made at the 1-3 leaf stage, the 6-8 node stage, and at the 12-14 node stage. Different combinations of tank mixes were used in each of the three applications. In the first application, all plots received the same treatment: MON 3539 at a rate of 0.75 lb ae/a. A second application was made to evaluate crop injury. Only the MON 3539 + Dimate (dimethoate) mixture significantly increased crop injury 7 days after treatment two (DAT2) when compared with MON 3539 alone (20 vs. 13% injury). Bidrin (dicrotophos), Trimax (imidacloprid), Mustang Max (zeta-cypermethrin), Karate Z (lambda-cyhalothrin), Baythroid (cyfluthrin), Intrepid (methoxyfenozide), Steward (indoxacarb), Denim (emamectin benzoate), insecticides or Mepichlor (mepiquat chloride) plant growth regulator in combination with MON 3539 showed less than 8% crop injury at 7 DAT2, which was significantly less than MON 3539 applied alone (13% injury). Crop injury ratings were taken following a third application and only the MON 3539 + Mepichlor mixture significantly increased crop injury at 7 days after treatment three (DAT3) when compared with MON 3539 alone (13 vs. 5% injury). None of the remaining treatments in the third application significantly differed from that of MON 3539 alone. Weed control rating indicated that MON 3539 + Centric (thiamethoxam) significantly reduced weed control at 15 DAT2 when compared with MON 3539 alone (72 vs. 84% control). MON 3539 tank mixed with each of the following significantly differed from the 95% rating of MON 3539 alone at 14 DAT3: Bidrin at 75%, Centric at 72%, and Denim at 79%.
Hardke, Jarrod; Lorenz, Gus; Colwell, Kyle; and Shelton, Craig
"Effects of tank mixes of MON 3539 and selected compounds in RoundupReady Flex® cotton – 2005,"
Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences. University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture. 7:40-46.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/discoverymag/vol7/iss1/10