Date of Graduation

5-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

Alan Mantooth

Committee Member

Simon Ang

Second Committee Member

Roy McCann

Abstract

This thesis presents controller designs of a 2 kVA single-phase inverter for photovoltaic (PV) applications. The demand for better controller designs is constantly rising as the renewable energy market continues to rapidly grow. Some background research has been done on solar energy, PV inverter configurations, inverter control design, and hardware component selection. Controllers are designed both for stand-alone and grid-connected modes of operation. For stand-alone inverter control, the outer control loop regulates the filter capacitor voltage. Combining the synchronous frame outer control loop with the capacitor current feedback inner control loop, the system can achieve both zero steady-state error and better step load performance. For grid-tied inverter control, proportional capacitor current feedback is used. This achieves the active damping needed to suppress the LCL filter resonance problem. The outer loop regulates the inverter output current flowing into the grid with a proportional resonant controller and harmonic compensators. With a revised grid synchronization unit, the active power and reactive power can be decoupled and controlled separately through a serial communication based user interface. To validate the designed controllers, a scaled down prototype is constructed and tested with a digital signal processor (DSP) TMS320F28335.

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