Date of Graduation

12-2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Agricultural Economics (MS)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness

Advisor

Andrew McKenzie

Committee Member

Eric Wailes

Second Committee Member

Michael Thomsen

Keywords

Futures, Rice

Abstract

Rice, the primary staple food for more than half the world's population, is the second world's most consumed food grain. In recent years, world rice price has increased and become more volatile especially in the period 2007-2010. Rice price volatility has a huge impact on Asian countries, especially countries in Southeast Asia where rice is a staple food for millions of households. Private market tools to manage price risk and discover price such as futures markets have been analyzed and assessed as possible solutions to coping with rice price volatility issue. Two primary functions of agricultural commodities futures markets are price discovery and price risk management. This thesis focused attention on the price discovery role of US and Chinese futures price spreads and their ability to impound information on supply and demand and storage costs. Our results show that the U.S. rice futures market responds to supply and demand information and incorporates storage costs. The U.S. rice futures market appears to be fulfilling its price discovery and storage role. Similarly, at least with respect to supply and demand information, the Chinese rice futures market spreads appear to follow the theory of storage and respond to supply and demand information.

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