Date of Graduation
Master of Arts in Political Science (MA)
Patrick J. Conge
Margaret F. Reid
Second Committee Member
Andrew J. Dowdle
Third Committee Member
This thesis examines the effectiveness of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in holding individuals accountable for grave breaches of crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. I argue that if we measure effectiveness in terms of the ability to set agenda and to publicize, the ICC accomplishes much. My thesis to shows that, as a key part of the international agenda on human rights compliance, the ICC derives its effectiveness from the various naming and shaming campaigns by national governments and non-governmental actors (NGOs).
I draw on the cases of Darfur, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to show that the ICC is effectively realizing its purpose: it gives voice to non-state actors like NGOs, regional actors, and international governmental organizations; it regularizes ways for international actors to be part of the process; it provides information to other stakeholders; and it names and shames the perpetrators of human rights violations. Hence, the ICC gives meaning to the cautious optimism that inspires liberal claims.
Hasfaria, Mirisa, "Evaluating the International Criminal Court: A Comparative Analysis of Darfur, Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo" (2011). Theses and Dissertations. 234.