Date of Graduation

12-2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Crop, Soil & Environmental Sciences (MS)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Crop, Soil & Environmental Sciences

Advisor

Nathan A. Slaton

Committee Member

Edward E. Gbur Jr.

Second Committee Member

Jason P. Kelley

Third Committee Member

Richard J. Norman

Keywords

Biological sciences

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) availability in poultry litter (PL) applied in the fall as a nutrient source for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) has not been adequately characterized. Our objective was to determine a potentially available N (PAN) coefficient based on the inorganic-N fertilizer equivalence (FEQ) of fall-applied PL to winter wheat via field and laboratory research. Wheat grown at six site-years received 0, 84 and 168 kg N ha-1 as PL applied preplant and/or at-planting. The FEQ of PL-N was based on growth and yield responses of wheat fertilized with 22 to 191 kg N ha-1 applied in late winter as a urea-ammonium sulfate blend (UASB) which was used to calculate PAN. Tiller number, aboveground N uptake, and grain yield responses to UASB-N were characterized using linear and quadratic models. Soil amended with PL or urea was incubated at 5, 15, and 25°C to supplement field research results. Wheat receiving PL-N produced N uptake and yields that were 11 to 43 kg N ha-1 and 297 to 1474 kg ha-1 greater (p

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