Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Anthropology (MA)

Degree Level





Jerome C. Rose

Committee Member

Peter Ungar

Second Committee Member

Robert Mainfort


Philosophy, religion and theology, Social sciences, Akhetaten, Amarna, Bioarchaeology, Egypt


The New Kingdom individuals excavated from the site of Akhetaten, modern day Tell el-Amarna in Middle Egypt, exhibit traumatic injuries relating to construction of the new city. This site is important for Egyptological and bioarchaeological interpretations because the city was only occupied for approximately 15 years. The cemetery provides an archaeological instant in history providing information on the individuals who lived, worked, and died at Akhetaten. A total of 233 individuals have been excavated and analyzed to date. The incidence of forearm fractures as chronic ulnae stress fractures instead of parry fractures are indicated by the presence of Schmorl's nodes, compression fractures of the vertebrae, spondylolysis, and degenerative joint disease. In addition, five males from the site exhibit traumatic healed scapular injuries, extremely similar to trauma discovered from contemporary faunal analysis of pig bones, not related to butchery, at Akhetaten.