Date of Graduation

5-2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Human Environmental Sciences

Degree Level

Undergraduate

Department

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation

Advisor

Lee, Sun-Ok

Reader

Bailey, Mechelle

Second Reader

Trudo, Sabrina

Abstract

Cancer is a common cause of death in the United States and locally in the state of Arkansas. Modifiable factors such as tobacco use, physical activity, and diet lead to reduced incidence of colon cancer diagnosis. Fruits and vegetables contain phytochemicals that confer health promoting properties. Specifically, peanuts contain phytochemicals known as resveratrol, arachidin-1, and arachidin-3 that have been linked to anticancer activities. However, a few research studies have been done on arachidin-1 and arachidin-3 that could further develop understanding of their health promoting properties or nutraceutical applications. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the most effective concentration of arachidin-1 and arachidin-3 for inhibiting cell proliferation and (2) to assess the bioavailability of these compounds. Concentrations of 0, 5, 10, and 20 µM arachidin-1 and arachidin-3 were applied and cell viability was measured at 0, 24, and 48 hours. Significant reduction of cell proliferation occurred with treatments of 10 and 20 µM arachidin-1 and 10 and 20 µM arachidin-3 in comparison with the control. Due to the limit of HPLC detection, no transport values were determined when arachidin-1 and arachidin-3 were applied in 50 and100 µM concentrations. The findings suggest that arachidin-1 and arachidin-3 inhibit cell proliferation in human colon cancer cells. Further research is needed to understand the bioavailability of arachidin-1 and arachidin-3.

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