The influences of cold treatment, gibberellic acid and red light treatment on rate of germination of seeds of Ginkgo biloba L. were followed for a 12-wk period. Dispersal units were collected, and the outer fleshy layer was removed soon after harvest. Of water-imbibed, non-cold-treated seeds, 50% of those which germinated did so within 11 wk after planting. A single application of red light accelerated the 50% germination time by 3 wk. Imbibition in GA3 solution did not appear to accelerate germination. With 4-wk cold treatment the 50% germination time was accelerated 6 wk in water-imbibed seeds. Both red light and GA3 treated seeds also were accelerated 6 wk by cold treatment. An 8-wk cold treatment accelerated the 50% germination time 7 wk for all three treatment groups. The influence of red light observed on non-cold-treated seeds was not seen with seeds receiving a cold treatment prior to irradiation. A 12-wk cold treatment period delayed germination in all treated groups. Dry storage of seeds for 4mo at 25 C also delayed germination regardless of red light, GA3 or cold treatment.
Johnson, Michael I. and Wickliff, James L.
"Seed Germination in Ginkgo biloba L. I. Influences of Cold Treatment, Gibberellic Acid and Red Light,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 28
, Article 13.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol28/iss1/13