Stomach contents were examined from 544 bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and 709 longear sunfish (L. megalotis) collected from nearshore areas of DeGray Reservoir April-November 1976. Major foods of bluegill (percentage of total weight of food in parentheses) were insects (33), bryozoa (7.3), planktonic crustaceans (6.5), and plant materials (15.4). The major food items contributing to the diet of longear sunfish were insects (52.6%), crayfish (12.5%), fish (7.4%), and plant material (6.7%). Although bluegill and longear sunfish are closely related species, their diets were not as similar as expected: bluegill consumed zooplankton, adult dipterans, and adult ephemeropterans associated with limnetic areas; while longear sunfish consumed terrestrial insects, immature stages of aquatic insects, and macro-invertebrates associated with littoral areas.
Bryant, Horace E. and Moen, Thomas E.
"Food of Bluegill and Longear Sunfish in DeGray Reservoir, Arkansas, 1976,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 34
, Article 10.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol34/iss1/10