Five subjects (three females and two males) took part in an exercise regimen in order to determine if aerobic exercise results in an increase in high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels (HDL-C) in the plasma. The exercise regimen consisted of running three miles a day, five days per week for six months. Running speed was at such a pace that the subjects attained a minimum of 60% of their maximal heart rate reserve (MHRR). Before the training program began the following parameters were measured in all of the subjects: height, weight, percent body fat, maximal oxygen consumption (Vₒ₂ max), vital capacity, resting heart rate, resting blood pressure, HDL-C, plasma triglycerides (TG), and plasma cholesterol (TC). These same measurements were retaken every two months and at the conclusion of the study. The exercise protocol produced significant changes in Vₒ₂ max and resting heart rate. None of the other parameters were significantly changed. The results of this study have shown that aerobic exercise does not cause significant changes in HDL-C levels.
Morgans, Leland F.; Baeyens, Dennis A.; and Morris, Manford D.
"Relationship Between Physical Conditioning and Plasma High Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol Concentration,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 37
, Article 16.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol37/iss1/16