Harris and Gordon (1987) reviewed the distribution and status of 18 rare and /or endangered unionacean bivalve species (commonly referred to as clams, mussels, freshwater mussels, naiads) that occur or have occurred in Arkansas. They discussed four species that were federally listed as endangered, four species that were considered endangered or extirpated within Arkansas, four species considered threatened within Arkansas, four species of special concern within Arkansas, and two species for which the conservation status was considered uncertain due to questions regarding taxonomic validity. Numerous unionacean field surveys have been performed during 1986 1996, and a substantial database of new distributional and relative abundance information has been accumulated. Two additional unionacean species have been listed as federally endangered, one additional species has been listed as federally threatened, and one endangered species has been newly discovered within Arkansas bringing the total number of federally protected unionacean species occurring within Arkansas to eight. The conservation status of 16 additional unionacean species occurring in Arkansas is discussed also.
Harris, John L.; Rust, Peter J.; Christian, Alan D.; Posey, William R. II; Davidson, Chris L.; and Harp, George L.
"Revised Status of Rare and Endangered Unionaea (Mollusca: Margaritiferidae, Unionidae) in Arkansas,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 51
, Article 12.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol51/iss1/12