A mixture of cherrybark oak (Quercus pagoda Raf.), white oak (Q. alba L.), persimmon (Diospyros virginiana L.), and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) seedlings was grown in shadehouses to simulate light conditions beneath a canopy. After the first growing season, two release treatments were implemented (released and not released), and treatments were conducted during two seasons (winter and spring). All seedlings were clipped at 2.5 em from the groundline in height when treatments were imposed. Survival of persimmon and sweetgum was 100% following clipping. There appeared to be a weak seasonal effect on oak survival, especially for white oak; survival was 100% for winter clipping and 93% for spring clipping. The oaks were considerably smaller in height, diameter, and above-ground biomass than their competitors, and the competitors also produced more stems per rootstock than the oaks. Cherrybark oak was more productive than white oak especially in the released treatment. The oaks tended to have a higher percentage of their total biomass in foliage when compared with their competitors. Stem wood density of the oaks was considerably greater than that of their competitors. Leaf characteristics of all species were very responsive to the treatments; specific leaf area was consistently greater for the no-release treatment for all species. Results of this study suggest that for oak sprouts to grow faster than their competitors they must begin with an initial size advantage.
Flicklin, Robert L. and Shelton, Michael G.
"Effects of Light Regime and Season of Clipping on the Growth
of Cherrybark Oak, White Oak, Persimmon, and Sweetgum Sprouts,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 61
, Article 9.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol61/iss1/9