A qualitative freshwater mussel survey was performed in the South Fork Spring River, Arkansas between May 13 and June 20, 2006 to assess community composition, density, and the presence of endangered mussel species (Family Unionidae). Twenty-one species from 460 individuals of mussels were collected using qualitative methods. Of those 21 species, 11 were ranked as S1, S2, or S3 using rankings established by the Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission Heritage Program. Three species, Amblema plicata (Say 1817), Lampsilis reeveiana (Call 1887), and Ptychobranchus occidentalis (Conrad 1836), comprised 48% of all mussels collected with 12%, 15%, and 21%, respectively. Mussel abundance within beds ranged between 2 to 33 individuals/site with an overall mean of 13 individuals/site. Selecting mussel beds for long-term monitoring in streams is necessary to assess population status and recruitment and to document success of future stream restoration projects.
Martin, H. C.; Harris, John L.; and Christian, Alan D.
"Qualitative Freshwater Mussel Survey of the South Fork Spring River, Missouri and Arkansas,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 63
, Article 14.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol63/iss1/14