A bond length–bond valence correlation is a simple method of checking and evaluating molecular structures and is of great interest in chemistry, biology, geology, and material science. Recently, we used quantum-mechanical arguments to derive Pauling’s bond length-valence relationship and to define the adjustable fitting parameter b in terms of atomic-orbital exponents. Improved orbital exponents were generated for elements 1-103 using published atomic radii and single-bond covalent radii as well as a continuous function for effective principal quantum number. In this study, we use orbital exponents for titanium (Ti) and oxygen (O) to generate a bond length-valence relationship for Ti-O bonds. Recent crystallographic Ti-O bond lengths from 32 environments were collected and converted to Ti-O bond valences to check the reliability of the bond length-valence relationship where Ro was found (bond length of unit valence). This relationship is expected to apply to any Ti-O bond regardless of environment, physical state, or oxidation number.
Dodd, D.; Hardcastle, F. D.; and Laffoon, S.
"Titanium-Oxygen Bond Length -Bond Valence Relationship,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 67
, Article 9.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol67/iss1/9