The name Moorefield was proposed by Adams and Ulrich (1904) for exposures of gray to brown, phosphatic shale with a basal limestone, overlying the Lower Mississippian Boone Formation, and underlying the Upper Mississippian Batesville Sandstone, in the vicinity of Moorefield, Independence County, northeastern Arkansas. Gordon (1944) 1) restricted the name Moorefield to the lower limestone-bearing interval, 2) applied a new name, Ruddell, to the succeeding shale section that comprises the bulk of the interval, with a type area near Moorefield, and 3) interpreted the interval contacts as unconformities. The name Ruddell was used for the revised Geological Map of Arkansas (1993), but later publications by the Arkansas Geological Survey and other sources refer the entire interval to the Moorefield Shale, and report a maximum thickness of 91.44 m. (300 feet). Age assignments for the Moorefield Shale are based almost entirely on ammonoid cephalopods (e.g. Gordon 1965, Saunders et al. 1977, Korn and Titus 2011). Brachiopods (e.g. Girty 1911) have provided a supporting role, but never to the precision of the ammonoids. Initially, Gordon (1965) recognized two ammonoid zones and four subzones through all the Moorefield, except the base. Korn and Titus (2011) reexamined Gordon’s published ammonoid assemblages, and made additional collections from the type Moorefield. They recognized only two Moorefield ammonoid zones: the lower Goniatites eganensis - Girtyoceras welleri zone, succeeded by the upper Goniatites multiliratus zone concentrated near the middle of the interval. The best age assignment for these abundant, middle Moorefield ammonoid assemblages is to the lower Chesterian Series (Korn and Titus 2011). The unfossiliferous lower Moorefield Shale spans the Meramecian-Chesterian boundary. The upper section, above the ammonoid occurrences, but also barren of ammonoids, and other biostratigraphically useful fossils, likely extends to at least the middle Chesterian. Thus, the bulk of the Moorefield formation represents the Chesterian, not the Meramecian Series. This age assignment is complicated further by the reduction of the lithostratigraphic units comprising the type Meramecian Series (Lane and Brenckle 2005), and a lack of ammonoid assemblages in its type area, St. Louis County, Missouri.
Dalu, O.; Coffey, W. S.; and Manger, W. L.
"Age and Correlation of the Moorefield Shale (Upper Mississippian) in its Type Area, Northeastern Arkansas,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 70
, Article 14.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol70/iss1/14