The phylogeography and separation of two river darters, Percina uranidea and P. vigil were investigated through sequencing of the mitochondrial Cytochrome B and Cytochrome Oxidase genes. These molecular markers revealed the darters exhibit moderate genetic divergence between two large river drainage systems within the Mississippi River basin associated with the Interior Highlands of midwestern North America. An additional haplotype network analysis also supported these trends. Phylogenetic divergence dating indicated that population separation between the river systems occurred after recent Pleistocene glacial events rather than an early Pleistocene separation.
Yamashita, T.; Rigsby, J. M.; and Stoeckel, J.
"Phylogeography and Vicariant Separation of Two River Darters, Percina uranidea and Percina vigil, from rivers that drain the North American Interior Highlands,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 71
, Article 25.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol71/iss1/25