In most school districts, funding for the construction and improvement of school facilities comes from local property taxes, sometimes solely, and sometimes with additional state support. In nearly all states, older school buildings, especially those in low-income districts are in need of renovation or repair. When school buildings are in poor repair or otherwise inadequate with respect to the educational environment which they provide, the quality of education available to students attending those schools can be adversely affected. As a result of lawsuits addressing this concern, a number of states have faced judicial mandates stemming from constitutional challenges requiring school districts to assure that school facilities throughout the state consistently meet minimal standards of adequacy, equity, and/or efficiency
McKenzie, Sarah C. and Ritter, Gary W., "Mandated School Facilities Improvement: What Have Other States Done?" (2005). Policy Briefs. 114.