Cotton, fiber, classing, textile
Pricing of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) has been determined primarily by fiber length and grade, which were manually determined. Implementation of the high volume instrument (HVI) cotton classing system in 1991 allowed other fiber quality parameters to be objectively and rapidly measured (Deussen, 1989). One quality parameter added to the pricing structure by the advent of HVI in determining the value of ginned lint is fiber strength (Table 1). Open-end spinning, a new technology being utilized by the textile industry, requires high-strength cotton fibers (>25 g/tex) for manufacture of yarns. As this technology becomes more widely used, cotton with weaker fiber strength will become less desirable, and cotton grown in Arkansas may become less preferred by
McConnell, J. S.; Bourland, F. M.; Baker, W. H.; and Frizzell, B. S., "Yield, Earliness and Fiber Strength of Blends of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Cultivars" (1997). Research Reports and Research Bulletins. 43.