Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Geology (MS)

Degree Level





T.A. (Mac) McGilvery

Committee Member

Christopher Liner

Second Committee Member

Steve Milligan


Clinoforms, Late Pennsylvanian, Missourian, Osage County, Shelf Prism, Subaqueous Delta


Integrated analysis of well and geophysical data can provide detailed geologic interpretation of the subsurface in Osage County, Oklahoma. Systems tracts and depositional system successions can be interpreted at marginal seismic resolution using well log motif with seismic reflector character within a depositional context. Shelf-prism and subaqueous, delta-scale clinoforms of Missourian age observed in 3D seismic were interpreted with greater sequence stratigraphic detail when coupled with wireline well logs. The Late Pennsylvanian Midcontinent Sea was thought to be approximately 150 feet average depth across the southern Midcontinent during the Missourian Stage, and deepen towards the Arkoma and Anadarko Basins to the south. Here we show that the Late Pennsylvanian Midcontinent Sea floor was in water depths greater than 600 feet and sloped to the southeast, toward major, southern basins, during the Missourian Stage in Osage County. Shelf-prism and delta scale clinoforms up to 600 and 300 feet of relief, respectively, were observed in paired seismic and well log cross sections, thickness maps, and structure maps dipping northwest at 052° strike, upon a basin floor dipping southeast at 253° strike. Lithologic and sequence stratigraphic interpretation revealed a mixed carbonate-siliciclastic system comprising of delta, offshore shelf, and carbonate buildup depositional systems of mesothem, 3rd order sequence magnitude. The observed succession included: 1) falling stage to lowstand, sand-prone, subaqueous delta, 2) transgressive to highstand offshore shelf and carbonate bank, and 3) falling stage delta. The depositional sucession demonstrates how carbonate banks related spatially to terrigenous sediment input in northeastern Oklahoma during the Late Pennsylvanian because of glacio-eustasy and possible tectonism.