Date of Graduation

12-2018

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Poultry Science (MS)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Poultry Science

Advisor

Samuel J. Rochell

Committee Member

Karen Christensen

Second Committee Member

Charles Maxwell

Keywords

Basal Type, Broiler, Dextrose, Metabolizable Energy, Regression, Soybean Meal

Abstract

Determination of metabolizable energy (ME) and amino acid (AA) digestibility values of single feed indigents continues to be two of the most important aspects for successful least-cost poultry feed formulation. It would be advantageous if a common diet type could be utilized to determine both ME and AA digestibility values of feed ingredients within a single assay. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of basal diet type and excreta collection method on the ME value of single feed ingredients determined in broiler chicks using the regression method. In experiment 1, the objective was to investigate the influence of semi-purified (SP) and corn-soybean meal (CSBM) based diet types on the nitrogen-corrected ME (MEn¬) of dextrose when determined by regression and to compare MEn values using the index and total excreta collection (TC) methods. The dextrose-associated caloric intake was regressed against the amount of dextrose intake to generate linear regression equations with slopes corresponding to the MEn value of dextrose within each basal type. The resulting dextrose MEn values determined using SP basal diets (3,502 and 3,553 kcal/kg) were similar (P > 0.05) to those determined using CSBM basal diets (3,839 and 3,588 kcal/kg) for index and TC procedures. In experiment 2, the influence of basal diet type on the ME and MEn¬ values of an expeller-extruded soybean meal (EE-SBM) generated in broiler chicks using the regression method were evaluated. Linear regressions of EE-SBM associated MEn intake in kcal against EE-SBM intake in kg resulted in similar (P > 0.05) MEn values for SP (2,542 kcal/kg) and for CSBM (2,575 kcal/kg) diets. These results indicate that both total collection and index procedures may be reliably used to characterize the MEn content of feed ingredients, and that similar estimates of ingredient MEn can be determined in SP and CSBM diets, potentially allowing for simultaneous determination of ME and AA digestibility in a single study.

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