Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Political Science (MA)

Degree Level



Political Science


Donald Kelley

Committee Member

Geoboo Song

Second Committee Member

Margaret Reid


mature anarchy, Russian aggression, Crimean invasion, annexation, Google trends, international trade, international law, mutual defense


The rules-based international system which has steadily emerged over the last century is in decline. Realists fail to realize that the fundamental anarchy of the international system can mature into a rules-based system which constrains geopolitics. Liberals fail to realize that it can regress in the opposite direction, towards the self-help system described by the realists. Small states stand to lose the most in this regression and are least equipped to fight it by material means. Finland is an ideal example of such a small state, and its foreign policy is articulated by President Sauli Niinistö. This paper will analyze the text of the Finnish President’s speeches for verbal attempts to protect and promote the rules-based system in response to events which occurred during his presidency and regress the system from mature to immature anarchy.