Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education (PhD)

Degree Level



Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders


Kristin Higgins

Committee Member

Ketevan Mamiseishvili

Second Committee Member

Danette Horne

Third Committee Member

Paul Blisard


clinical training, counselor education, in-house clinic, self-efficacy, supervision, training clinic


The primary focus of this study was to examine the differences between trainees’ perceived self-efficacy when they graduate from a counseling program that has a community based mental health training clinic versus a program without a training clinic. A web-based survey was developed with the questions from the Counseling Self-Efficacy Inventory (COSE) (Larson et al., 1992) and 45 (N = 45) participants took the survey online. Participants were students enrolled and taking a practicum or internship class in a counseling program with a training clinic (WTC) or in a counseling program without a clinic (WTTC). Mann-Whitney Wilcoxon test, a non-parametric statistical test, was used due to the small sample size to analyze the differences between the groups. Analyses revealed that there is no statistically significant difference between the groups.

Available for download on Thursday, June 03, 2021