A one-dimensional, three-component, fluid model has been employed to investigate the existence of a speed cut-off point for antiforce breakdown waves. The term antiforce wave is used to identify breakdown waves for which the electric field force on electrons is in the opposite direction of wave propagation. The electron fluid-dynamical equations for antiforce waves are different from those of proforce waves. This presentation will address the difference in the set of equations for proforce and antiforce waves and the method of integration of the set of equations through the dynamical transition region for antiforce waves. Also, for antiforce waves, the existence and approximate value of a speed cut-off point will be discussed.
Hemmati, Mostafa; Doss, Mathues Shane; and George, Eric L.
"Speed Cut-Off Point for Antiforce Waves,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 52
, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol52/iss1/11