Document Type


Publication Date



assessment, accountability, students with disabilities

Series Title

Office for Education Policy

Series Number

Volume 02 Issue 14


The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (P.L. 94-142 [20 U.S.C., §1400 et seq.), authorized by Congress in 1975 and reauthorized in 1997 and 2004, guarantees all children with disabilities the right to a free appropriate public education and guarantees procedural safeguards to assure protection of the rights of these children and their parents. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) (PL-107-110 [20 U.S.C. §6301, et seq.], 2001) requires, among other things, that schools be accountable for education results through annual standardized testing and through additional standards that determine a school’s adequate yearly progress (AYP). The 2004 reauthorization of IDEA brought it into alignment with NCLB. This policy brief discusses the concurrent implementation of these two federal policies, focusing on assessment and accountability for students with disabilities, and also, issues related to school choice and supplemental education services.