Third grade, 3rd grade, reading achievement
This brief examines long-term academic outcomes for students who demonstrate low reading achievement in third grade. Following three cohorts of students from third grade through early high school, we find that students who are behind in third grade are unlikely to ever read proficiently. Economically disadvantaged students, Black students, and male students demonstrate less improvement in reading achievement over time than other types of students.
McKenzie, Sarah; Jordan, Emily; and Reid, Charlene A., "Long-Term Outcomes of Low Achieving Third Grade Readers" (2018). Policy Briefs. 147.