Over the last half century, more than forty states across the nation have experienced school finance lawsuits as a consequence of perceived and real funding gaps between rich and poor districts (Rebell, 2001). Arkansas is one such state, with a long history of school funding battles in the courts. The legal challenges began in 1983, when the Arkansas Supreme Court initially found the state's school funding system unconstitutional under the equal protection clause of the state constitution .
Barnett, Joshua H.; Jensen, Nathan C.; and Ritter, Gary W., "Dollars for Sense: Assessing Achievement Gaps in Arkansas in the Context of Substantial Funding Increases" (2008). Arkansas Education Reports. 45.