Significant differences in mesocotyl lengths of semidwarf and non-semidwarf rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars were observed. However, the relationship between plant height and mesocotyl length was found to be due to linkage rather than pleiotropism. Seed treatments of gibberellic acid (GA₃) significantly increased mesocotyl and coleoptile lengths in the laboratory study. The GA₃ seed treatments significantly increased stand density compared to the untreated control in the field study. However, no significant differences were observed for plant height at maturity or grain yields among the GA₃ treatments or the untreated control.
Helms, R. S.; Dilday, R. H.; Mgonja, M. A.; and Amonsilpa, S.
"Genetic and Plant Growth Regulator Manipulation of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Mesocotyl and Coleoptile Lengths,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 43
, Article 13.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol43/iss1/13