Malaria, water-borne diarrheal diseases, and geohelminth infections, combined with severe malnutrition ravage entire villages throughout subSaharan Africa. The Bawa Health Initiative (BHI) is a 501c(3) non-profit organization with the goal of implementing a comprehensive public health program in an attempt to address these problems in a series of rural villages located in the West Province of Cameroon, Africa. Interventions include the provision of permethrin-treated bed nets to reduce the transmission of malaria, the installation of biosand water filters to reduce the prevalence of water-borne diseases, and a geohelminth control program utilizing mass treatment with albendazole. This study details the results of surveys conducted to monitor the success of the interventions. Since implementation of interventions, the number of clinical cases of malaria, diarrheal disease and typhoid has decreased, the prevalence of water-borne protozoan parasites has decreased, the prevalence and intensities of geohelminth infections has significantly decreased, and the prevalence of anemia has significantly decreased. When viewed in its entirety, these data show that the comprehensive approach to public health challenges in these villages initiated by BHI has been extremely successful. However, much work remains to be done. The primary purpose of this paper is to further inform academicians, students, and the general public about the continuing problems associated with these diseases and to describe and assess the effectiveness of some current interventions being used to combat them.
Richardson, D. J.; Richardson, K. R.; Richardson, K. E.; Gross, J.; Tsekeng, P.; Dondji, B.; and Foulefack
"Malaria, Intestinal Parasitic Infection, Anemia, and Malnourishment in Rural Cameroonian Villages with an Assessment of Early Interventions,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 65
, Article 14.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol65/iss1/14