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Abstract

A survey of the fishes of Cane Creek in southeast Missouri and northeast Arkansas was made between 25 August 1974 and 16 July 1975. Field collections, literature records, fisherman reports, and museum specimens showed the fishes of Cane Creek to be composed of 90 species distributed among 20 families. Records of Lampetra aepyptera (Abbott), Hiodon alosoides (Rafinesque), Etheostoma histrio Jordan and Gilbert, and Percina uranidea (Jordan and Gilbert) were either the first records of these species in this stream or reaffirmed their presence. The fish collected were common to the Ozark, Ozark lowland, lowland, and wide-ranging faunal groups of Pflieger (1971). The Ozark faunal group was restricted primarily by topography and the confluence of Ten Mile Creek with Cane Creek. The lowland faunal group was influenced by fish migrating between Cane Creek and Black River. Channelization of lower Cane Creek in 1907 and 1908 undoubtedly influenced the immigration and emigration of fishes from Black River.

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