A three-year study was conducted to determine the possible effects of cage culture of fish on the environment of Crystal Lake, Arkansas. The investigation consisted of three periods: pre- (November 1971-October 1972), during- (November 1972-October 1973), and post- (November 1973-October 1974) cage culture. Numbers and biomass of benthos per square meter for pre-, during-, and post-culture periods were 1353 (10.0g), 730 (8.8g), and 1028 (4.1g), respectively. Numerically, Chaoborus sp., Chironomidae, and Oligochaeta comprised more than 97%. Chaoborus was the most numerous organism before fish culture (>68%), but dominance shifted to the Oligochaeta (>58%) after culture.
Adams, James C.; Kilambi, Raj V.; Wickizer, William A.; and Brown, Arthur V.
"Macrobenthos Population Changes in Crystal Lake, Arkansas, Subsequent to Cage Culture Fish,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 30
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol30/iss1/6