A multi-phase transport model (AMPT) is developed for the study of hot and dense matter produced in relativistic nuclear collisions. This model includes both initial partonic and final hadronic scattering. Using the AMPT model, we study the momentum distributions of charged particles such as protons, antiprotons, pions, and kaons in central heavy ion collisions at Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) and Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) energies. The results are consistent with experimental data at these energies. They indicate a significant nuclear shadowing but a relative weak jet quenching in the initial dense matter. Antiproton to proton ratio at mid-rapidity increases appreciably with energy, demonstrating the approach to a nearly baryon-anti-baryon symmetric matter in high energy collisions. Kaon to pion ratio is almost constant within the energy range studied here, providing strong evidence for strangeness equilibration in these reactions.
Zhang, Bin; Ko, C. M.; Li, Bao-An; Lin, Ziwei; and Pal, Subrata
"Multi-Phase Transport Study of Relativistic Nuclear Collisions,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 55, Article 22.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol55/iss1/22