We collected and examined 16 Fowler’s toads, Anaxyrus fowleri, and one dwarf American toad, Anaxyrus americanus charlesmithi, in central Arkansas in 2011. Collection was initiated by observation of abnormal toads. Toads were euthanized, measured, photographed, and deposited in the Arkansas State University herpetological collection. Several toads were radiographed. We found various abnormalities in both forelimbs and hindlimbs and on both sides of the body. The causes of the abnormalities remain unknown and will require further studies to determine if the environment is imperiled.
Thigpen, C. S.; Beard, D.; and Trauth, S. E.
"Toad (Anura: Bufonidae) Limb Abnormalities from an Aquatic Site in Scott, Pulaski County, Arkansas,"
Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Vol. 68
, Article 18.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/jaas/vol68/iss1/18