Date of Graduation

7-2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

Magda El-Shenawee

Committee Member

Jingxian Wu

Second Committee Member

Roy McCann

Keywords

Applied sciences; Antenna; Communication; Fabrication; Input; MIMO; Mobile; Multiple-Input; Multiple-Output; Output

Abstract

This thesis presents the design, fabrication and characterization of a multiband uniplanar MIMO antenna for hand-held mobile communication devices on LTE, WLAN, and WMAN networks. The antenna design methodology combined a variety of broadbanding techniques that resulted in a single-layer hybrid monopole antenna coupled to a meander line element and parasitic structures. The 115×55×1.54 mm antenna was fabricated using an FR4 composite material and occupies only a fractional volume within the size of an average cellular phone allowing ample space to integrate with existing hardware. Characterization of the MIMO antenna included input impedance, scattering parameters and radiation pattern cross sections that were all measured from 500-6500 MHz inside an anechoic chamber. The measurement results indicated four main operating regions of the multiband antenna centered at 875 MHz, 2300 MHz, 3500 MHz, and 5700 MHz with bandwidths of 240 MHz, 740 MHz, 190 MHz, and 370 MHz respectively. Scattering parameter measurements demonstrated excellent coverage of the desired communication spectrum, being able to operate on 30 of the 42 defined LTE bands, as well as common WLAN and WMAN bands. The radiation pattern cross sections in each of the operating regions showed non-directional behavior that is desirable for mobile communication devices. Additionally the envelope correlation coefficient calculated from the measured complex scattering parameters verified that the MIMO antenna achieved good system diversity. Overall, this work resulted in a multiband uniplanar MIMO antenna system suitable for hand-held mobile communication devices. Utilizing cost effective materials and simple geometries allowed fabrication using common methods. The novel antenna can support the high capacity required from evolving communication systems and represents a practical option for use within future generations of mobile devices.

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