Date of Graduation

12-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Microelectronics-Photonics (MS)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Graduate School

Advisor

Omar Manasreh

Committee Member

Jiali Li

Second Committee Member

Simon Ang

Third Committee Member

Rick Wise

Keywords

Pure sciences; Applied sciences; LEDs; Optoelectronics; Quantam dots

Abstract

Quantum Dot LEDs with all inorganic materials are investigated in this thesis. The research was motivated by the potential disruptive technology of core shell quantum dots in lighting and display applications. These devices consisted of three main layers: hole transport layer (HTL), electron transport layer (ETL), and emissive layer where the emission of photons occurs. The latter part was formed of CdSe / ZnS core-shell quantum dots, which were synthesized following hot injection method. The ETL and the HTL were formed of zinc oxide nanocrystals and nickel oxide, respectively. Motivated by the low cost synthesis and deposition, NiO and ZnO were synthesized following sol-gel method and deposited using spin coating. The anode of the device was a commercial slide of indium tin oxide deposited on glass substrate while the cathode was a 100 nm aluminum layer that was deposited using an Auto 306T Edwards thermal evaporator.

In this research, Raman spectroscopy, micro-photoluminescence spectroscopy, absorbance spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy, were used to characterize the materials. Three sharp peaks were observed in the XRD measurements of the NiO thin film related to three planes and indicated a proper level of crystallinity. The AFM image of the same material indicated a roughness RMS value of 2 nm which was accepted for a device fabrication.

The photoluminescence spectrum exhibited a peak at 515 nm for the quantum dots and a peak at 315 nm for the ZnO nanocrystals. The narrow shape of these spectra proved a limited amount of size variation. The transfer characteristics of the fabricated device indicated that the current density ramped up producing green light when the voltage was higher than 5 V to reach 160 mA cm-2 at 9 V.

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