advanced robots, robot sentience, constitutional rights
Constitutional rights create and destroy otherwise available options for the rights-bearer, for governments, and for affected third parties. Thus, conferring a constitutional right always requires at least some minimal defense. But conferring a constitutional right can certainly be appropriate if the recipient of the right seems to deserve or otherwise qualify for the right in question, or if conferring the right makes sense on other, perhaps partly pragmatic, grounds.
R. G. Wright,
The Constitutional Rights of Advanced Robots (and of Human Beings),
71 Ark. L. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uark.edu/alr/vol71/iss3/2