equal education, quality teachers, diverse environments, learning support


Major school improvement efforts have failed in recent decades for two reasons. First, the endless pursuit of reform for reform’s sake over the last few years undermines school improvement.1 Second, we have abandoned or, at least, lost our focus on the fundamental educational goals that animated education policy decades—and sometimes centuries—ago. Those goals, while never fully attained, have always sought to move us to a more just system of public education. By losing that focus, our education systems remain wedded to practical norms that consistently undermine equal and adequate educational opportunities.