Date of Graduation
Bachelor of Science
Committee Member/Second Reader
Committee Member/Third Reader
Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is one of the most common disorders associated with mitochondrial tRNA mutations. One of the most common causes of MELAS is mutation in the MT-TL1 gene which codes for mitochondrial tRNA Leucine (UUR). Mutation in MT-TE gene, another mitochondrial gene which encodes for mitochondrial tRNA Glutamate (GAA/G), has been implicated in various mitochondrial related myopathies. It remains unclear how point mutations in these tRNA genes result in disease onset and progression. Here, we report an early comparative analysis of fibroblast cell lines derived from patients carrying two different tRNA mutations: m.3243A>G and m.14739G>A. This study examines the relationship between mitochondrial structure and function as it relates to disease onset and severity. Morphological analysis revealed differences in network structure between the tRNA mutant and control cell lines. This was correlated with a decrease in mitochondrial function as indicated by aberrant mitochondrial membrane potential and Reactive Oxygen species production. Results from this study suggests that mitochondrial tRNA mutations can result in dysregulation of mitochondrial morphology, consequently affecting mitochondrial function.
Mitochondrial disease, MELAS, Mitochondrial Network, Mitochondrial Function
Henry, B. (2020). Structural and Functional Characterization of Mitochondria with tRNA Mutations. Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/biscuht/31
Cell Biology Commons, Molecular Biology Commons, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons