The Effect of Protein and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Regulation of Sleep and Mood in Postmenopausal Women
Date of Graduation
Bachelor of Science
Committee Member/Second Reader
Committee Member/Third Reader
The older population of the United States is in a period of rapid growth . population of those in the United States aged 65 or older will double to about 72 million in the next 25 year . This population is at increased risk for obesity, chronic diseases, decreased quality of life, and premature death. Therefore, guidelines for healthy aging are desperately needed. In 2015 alone, 67.7% of adults in the United States aged 65 or older reported having two or more chronic conditions . Treatment for those in the older population afflicted by multiple chronic conditions alone accounts for 66% of the United States’ total health care budget . In 2018, for the third year in a row, Arkansas was one of nine states with an adult obesity rate at or above 35 percent . The obesity prevalence in Arkansans 65 years of age and older was reported to be 30.1% for 2018 and is projected to continue with an increasingly upward trajectory. In the United States, Arkansas was identified as having the 4th highest-ranked state with regard to overweight and obesity percentiles for adults. Arkansas was also identified as the 4th highest-ranked state for number of adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Additionally, in Arkansas alone 23.4% of adults aged 65 years of age or older were currently diagnosed with T2DM in 2015, with an expected increase in this percentage . Poor sleep has been identified as one potential cause for this dramatic decline in health . Sleep disorders are highly prevalent in older adults with 50% or more older adults being currently diagnosed with a clinical sleeping disorder . A lack of sleep schedule regularity in addition to poor sleep quality puts older adults at significantly higher risk for cognitive and functional decline . Sleep loss in older adults has been specifically linked to an increased risk of T2DM and obesity . While aging is linked to a general 5 decline in total sleep time and sleep efficiency, sleep efficiency has been shown to significantly decrease past age 60 . Adequate nutrition has the potential to combat dysregulated sleep and mood.
Omega-3 fatty acids, Protein supplementation, Dietary Intervention, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, Profile of Mood States
Baughn, C. (2020). The Effect of Protein and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Regulation of Sleep and Mood in Postmenopausal Women. Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/biscuht/41