Does Private Schooling Improve International Test Scores? Evidence from a Natural Experiment
private school, school choice, PISA, international education
I estimate the effect of private schooling on Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) scores of 62 countries across the globe from 2000 to 2012. I employ time and country-fixed effects regression models and also use the short-run demand for schooling within a country and year as an instrument for private share of schooling enrollment. I find evidence to suggest that increased private schooling leads to improved PISA scores around the world. Specifically, the model using control variables alongside country and year fixed effects finds that a one percentage point increase in the private share of schooling enrollment is associated with a 1.6-point increase in math scores and a 1.2-point increase in reading scores. However, only one of the two relationships remains statistically significant in the instrumental variables analysis.
DeAngelis, Corey A., "Does Private Schooling Improve International Test Scores? Evidence from a Natural Experiment" (2017). Education Reform Faculty and Graduate Students Publications. 18.