Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Civil Engineering (MSCE)

Degree Level



Civil Engineering


Michelle L. Bernhardt

Committee Member

Gary S. Prinz

Second Committee Member

Clinton M. Wood


Dynamic Analysis, Eccentrically Braced Frames, Nonlinear Modeling, Seismic Response, Shallow Foundations, Soil-structure Interaction


The importance of soil-structure interaction (SSI) effects on the seismic response of

buildings has been long recognized and has been researched for over 40 years. However, SSI

analysis has only been applied in a few building projects because the fixed base condition is

considered to provide a conservative estimation for the response of buildings under seismic loads.

This assumption of a fixed base condition adopted by practitioners is not always conservative or

cost-effective, especially for rigid buildings over soft soils. Additionally, for the case of ductile

steel frames with eccentric configurations, the influence of SSI on their seismic performance has

not been investigated.

In this study, the seismic performance of eccentrically braced frames (EBFs) considering

SSI effects is investigated using analytical models. Background information and modern

guidelines available to consider SSI in the seismic analysis of buildings are presented and

discussed. Following, a 3-story building with EBFs on shallow foundations is analyzed with and

without SSI. The beam on Winkler foundation approach is used to model the linear and nonlinear

soil-foundation interface behavior, considering linear-elastic, elastic-perfectly plastic, and

nonlinear springs. Inter-story drifts, residual drifts, link rotations, and axial load column demands

were similar for frames with flexible base and fixed base conditions when elastic and elastic-perfectly

plastic springs were used. However, when nonlinear springs were used, frames with a

flexible base showed a significant reduction in their responses in comparison to those observed for

the fixed base condition. As a result, a reduction in frame member sizes was possible and justified

through SSI analyses.