Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Entomology (MS)

Degree Level





Timothy J. Kring

Committee Member

Rick D. Cartwright

Second Committee Member

Gus M. Lorenz


Biological sciences, Barley yellow dwarf, Bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi, Systematic insecticide, Thiamethoxam, Winter wheat


Bird cherry-oat aphid is a common pest of Arkansas winter wheat. This aphid vectors barley yellow dwarf virus which may cause extensive crop damage and yield loss when wheat is infested by virulent aphids in the fall. Some suggest this damage may be avoided using insecticide seed treatments if growers are unable to delay planting, as is recommended. Field population dynamics of bird cherry-oat aphid during fall 2009 and 2010 was assessed through random sampling of whole plants and pan trapping methods to evaluate aphid immigration. The field plots were divided into four subplots treated with a systemic insecticide seed treatment (at the recommended rate of 0.148 liters of insecticide per 45 kilograms of seed or 5.0 fluid ounces per 100 lbs of seed) and four untreated plots. Aphids were counted twice weekly in ten 1 m row samples from plant emergence until the end of December. Aphids were classed as small or large nymphs and alates. Winged immigrants were also counted twice weekly in eight pan traps situated at equidistant points within the study fields. Aphid densities in untreated plots increased throughout the season and aphid densities were significantly lower in treated plots. In 2009 winged aphids in untreated fields were significantly higher (mean = 6.54 per meter-row) than in the treated fields (mean = 0.03 per meter-row) (t = 23.48, df = 639, P < .0001). Large aphids were greater in the untreated fields (mean = 5.17) than in the treated fields (mean = 0.43) (t = 10.6, df = 639, P