Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering (PhD)

Degree Level



Electrical Engineering


Simon Ang

Committee Member

Juan Balda

Second Committee Member

Alan Mantooth

Third Committee Member

Jia Di


Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Interference, Electronic Packaging, Power Module, Semiconductor Packaging, Wire Bondless Power Module


The objective of this dissertation research is to develop a low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) interposer-based module-level 3-D wire bondless stacked power module. As part of the dissertation work, the 3-D wire bondless stack is designed, simulated, fabricated and characterized. The 3-D wire bondless stack is realized with two stand-alone power modules in a half-bridge configuration. Each stand-alone power module consists of two 1200 V 25 A silicon insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) devices in parallel and two 1200 V 20 A Schottky barrier diodes (SBD) in an antiparallel configuration. A novel interconnection scheme with conductive clamps and a spring loaded LTCC interposer is introduced to establish electrical connection between the stand-alone power modules to connect them in series to realize a half-bridge stack. Process development to fabricate the LTCC based 3-D stack is performed.

In traditional power modules, wire bonds are used as a top side interconnections that introduce additional parasitic inductance in the current conduction path and prone to failure mechanism under high thermomechanical stresses. The loop inductance of the proposed 3-D half-bridge module exhibits 71% lower parasitic inductance compared to a wire bonded module. The 3-D stack exhibits better switching performance compared to the wire bonded counterpart. The measurement results for the 3-D stack shows 30% decrease in current overshoot at turn-on and 43% voltage overshoot at turn-off compared to the wire bonded module. Through measurements, it has been shown that the conducted noise reduces by 20 dB in the frequency range 20-30 MHz for the 3-D stack compared to the wire bonded counterpart.

A simulation methodology using co-simulation techniques using ANSYS EM software tools is developed to predict EMI of a power module. Hardware verification of the proposed simulation methodology is performed to validate the co-simulation technique. The correlation coefficient between the measurement and simulation is found to be 0.73. It is shown that 53% of the variability in the simulation can be explained by the simulated result. Moreover, the simulated and measured amplitudes of the EMI spectrum closely match with each other with some variations due to round-off errors due to the FFT conversion.