Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Industrial Engineering (MSIE)

Degree Level



Industrial Engineering


Shengfan Zhang

Committee Member

Haitao Liao

Second Committee Member

Manuel Rossetti

Third Committee Member

Wen Zhang


Failure Model, Review, Water Network


As estimated in the American Society of Civil Engineers 2017 report, in the United States, there are approximately 240,000 water main pipe breaks each year. To help estimate pipe breaks and maintenance frequency, a number of physically-based and statistically-based water main failure prediction models have been developed in the last 30 years. Precious review papers focused more on the evolution of failure models rather than modeling results. However, the modeling results of different models applied in case studies are worth reviewing as well.

In this review, we focus on research papers after Year 2008 and collect latest cases without repetition. A total of 64 papers are qualified following the selection criteria. Detailed information on models and cases are summarized and compared. Chapter 2 provides a summary and review of failure models and discusses the limitation of current models. Chapter 3 provides a comprehensive review of collected cases, which include network characteristics and factors. Chapter 4 focuses on the main findings from collected papers. We conclude with insights and suggestions for future model selection for pipe failure analysis.