Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science (PhD)

Degree Level



Computer Science & Computer Engineering


Brajendra Panda

Committee Member

Susan Gauch

Second Committee Member

Miaoqing Huang

Third Committee Member

Mark Arnold


Cloud Databases, Cloud Security, Database Security, Encrypted Databases, Outsourced Databases, Query Processing


Recently, database users have begun to use cloud database services to outsource their databases. The reason for this is the high computation speed and the huge storage capacity that cloud owners provide at low prices. However, despite the attractiveness of the cloud computing environment to database users, privacy issues remain a cause for concern for database owners since data access is out of their control. Encryption is the only way of assuaging users’ fears surrounding data privacy, but executing Structured Query Language (SQL) queries over encrypted data is a challenging task, especially if the data are encrypted by a randomized encryption algorithm. Many researchers have addressed the privacy issues by encrypting the data using deterministic, onion layer, or homomorphic encryption. Nevertheless, even with these systems, the encrypted data can still be subjected to attack. In this research, we first propose an indexing scheme to encode the original table’s tuples into bit vectors (BVs) prior to the encryption. The resulting index is then used to narrow the range of retrieved encrypted records from the cloud to a small set of records that are candidates for the user’s query. Based on the indexing scheme, we then design three different models to execute SQL queries over the encrypted data. The data are encrypted by a single randomized encryption algorithm, namely the Advanced Encryption Standard AES-CBC. In each proposed scheme, we use a different (secure) method for storing and maintaining the index values (BVs) (i.e., either at user’s side or at the cloud server), and we extend each system to support most of relational algebra operators, such as select, join, etc. Implementation and evaluation of the proposed systems reveals that they are practical and efficient at reducing both the computation and space overhead when compared with state-of-the-art systems like CryptDB.