Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering (PhD)

Degree Level



Civil Engineering


Micah Hale

Committee Member

Gary Prinz

Second Committee Member

Mark Arnold

Third Committee Member

Cameron Murray

Fourth Committee Member

Canh Dang


tensile strength, flexural resistance, Grade 830, finite element model


The structural strength and corrosion resistance of concrete members are improved when A1035 steel is used as the main reinforcement. The enhancement of A1035 is achieved by the modification of the composition and microstructure of the steel. Therefore, the behavior of concrete structures reinforced with high-performance steel (A1035) is different from those reinforced with the regular steel (A615). Concrete bridge decks reinforced with different amounts of A1035 were studied in this research program. The structural behavior of twelve concrete bridge decks reinforced with A615 Grade 420 (60 ksi) and A1035 Grade 830 (120 ksi) steel was investigated at both service and strength limit states. The tensile strain of steel and compressive strain of the concrete were measured in each load step. In addition to measuring the deflection, a microscope was used to measure the maximum crack width during testing. Then, the finite element method was used to model the concrete bridge decks. ABAQUS software was used to represent the model. The concrete material was represented by C3D8 elements, and the steel material was modeled by T3D2 elements. Concrete Damaged Plasticity Model was used to represent the nonlinear behavior of concrete. The plastic behavior of the reinforcing steel was represented by Plasticity option. The final part of the dissertation focuses on investigating the structural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with A1035 and cast with different concrete strengths. The structural behavior of eight reinforced concrete beams was investigated. Two types of reinforcement were used, regular steel (A615) and high-performance steel (A1035). Three different concrete strengths were used, normal, high, and ultra-high strength. The deflection, maximum crack width, compressive strain of concrete, and tensile strain of steel were measured during testing.