Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Crop, Soil & Environmental Sciences (MS)

Degree Level



Crop, Soil & Environmental Sciences


Nathan A. Slaton

Committee Member

Edward E. Gbur, Jr.

Second Committee Member

Jarrod T. Hardke

Third Committee Member

Trenton L. Roberts

Fourth Committee Member

Bobby R. Golden


Clay soils, Early season growth, Grain yield, Preflood nitrogen, Rice, Starter nitrogen


Seedling rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown on clayey-textured soils generally develops slowly as compared to loamy-textured soils. Our research examined the effects of starter-N source and preflood-N rates on canopy closure, total aboveground N uptake, and grain yield of rice grown on clayey-textured soils. Eleven field trials were established in Arkansas and Mississippi including five trials with a hybrid cultivar and six trials using a pure-line cultivar. Starter-N sources included no starter-N (NONE), ammonium sulfate (AMS), diammonium phosphate (DAP), and urea (UREA) applied at 24 kg N ha-1 at the rice 2-leaf stage and five preflood-N rates ranging from 0-224 kg N ha-1 at the 5-leaf stage. Canopy cover was measured weekly on trials conducted in Arkansas for 5 wk after starter-N application. Rice that received no starter-N produced less canopy coverage than rice receiving starter-N as AMS, DAP, and UREA and AMS, DAP, and UREA produced no differences in canopy coverage. Aboveground total-N uptake was affected only by the preflood-N rate for each site-year with maximum N uptake ranging from 139-196 kg N ha-1. The preflood urea-N recovery efficiency for rice receiving no starter-N ranged from 54-78% among trials. For the Arkansas trials, rice that received the three starter-N sources produced 3.4-5.0% greater relative yield compared to rice receiving no starter. Relative yield for the Mississippi trials was not affected by starter-N source. Results show that starter-N can benefit early season growth and grain yield of rice grown on clayey soils but the benefits are not consistent.