Date of Graduation

12-2021

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Computer Engineering (MSCmpE)

Degree Level

Graduate

Department

Computer Science & Computer Engineering

Advisor

Yarui Peng

Committee Member

Alexander H. Nelson

Second Committee Member

David Andrews

Keywords

2.5D, Chip-Package Design, Co-optimization, Heterogeneous, Tool Flow, VLSI

Abstract

Chip and packaging industries are making significant progress in 2.5D design as a result of increasing popularity of their application. In advanced high-density 2.5D packages, package redistribution layers become similar to chip Back-End-of-Line routing layers, and the gap between them scales down with pin density improvement. Chiplet-package interactions become significant and severely affect system performance and reliability. Moreover, 2.5D integration offers opportunities to apply novel design techniques. The traditional die-by-die design approach neither carefully considers these interactions nor fully exploits the cross-boundary design opportunities.

This thesis presents chiplet-package cross-boundary design, extraction, analysis, and optimization tool flows and methodologies for high-density 2.5D packaging technologies. A holistic flow is presented that can capture all parasitics from chiplets and the package and improve system performance through iterative optimizations. Several design techniques are demonstrated for agile development and quick turn-around time. To validate the flow in silicon, a chip was taped out and studied in TSMC 65nm technology. As the holistic flow cannot handle heterogeneous technologies, in-context flows are presented. Three different flavors of the in-context flow are presented, which offer trade-offs between scalability and accuracy in heterogeneous 2.5D system designs. Inductance is an inseparable part of a package design. A holistic flow is presented that takes package inductance into account in timing analysis and optimization steps. Custom CAD tools are developed to make these flows compatible with the industry standard tools and the foundry model. To prove the effectiveness of the flows several design cases of an ARM Cortex-M0 are implemented for comparitive study.

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