Evaluation of the Effect of a Lippia organoides Essential Oil Extract on Clostridium perfringens Proliferation In Vitro and Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens
Date of Graduation
Master of Science in Poultry Science (MS)
Second Committee Member
Broilers, Clostridium, Eimeria, Necrotic enteritis, Salmonella
The purpose of the present research was to assess the effects of essential oils derived from the plant Lippia organoides on performance parameters, intestinal integrity, and necrotic enteritis (NE) in broiler chickens. To do this, a previously established challenge model for NE was utilized which included challenging with Salmonella Typhimurium on day 0, Eimeria maxima on day 18, and Clostridium perfringens on days 22 and 23. Treatment groups included a 1) non-challenged, negative control, 2) challenged control, and 3) challenged, Lippia origanoides (37ppm in the diet). Group 1 (negative control) had significantly (P < 0.05) higher body weight gain from d8-25 and d0-25 compared to both challenged groups. Feed intake was significantly different for all three groups (P < 0.05) at 8-25 days and 0-25 days with group 1 having the highest feed intake for both time periods. Total mortality was greater in the positive control when compared to both the negative and treatment groups. NE lesion scores were significantly different between all groups with the positive control having the highest mean lesion scores and the negative control having a mean lesion score of 0. The positive control group had the highest FITC-d amounts detected in the sera, being statistically higher than both the treatment group and negative group which were both statistically different from each other. At the present inclusion rate for the essential oil (37 ppm), there was an overall reduction in the negative impact from the NE infection. Further studies should be conducted to reach more significant conclusions.
Coles, M. E. (2022). Evaluation of the Effect of a Lippia organoides Essential Oil Extract on Clostridium perfringens Proliferation In Vitro and Necrotic Enteritis in Broiler Chickens. Graduate Theses and Dissertations Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/etd/4551