Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Human Resource and Workforce Development (EdD)

Degree Level



Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders


Claretha Hughes

Committee Member

Yuanlu Niu

Second Committee Member

Xinya Liang


Career Behaviors, Career Development, Career Planning, Career Success, Human Capital, Human Resource Development


The purpose of this study was to investigate government and private-sector tax assessors’ perceptions of the relationship between proactive career management behaviors (PCMBs) and career success. The findings of the study established a foundation to assist government and private-sector tax assessor organizations with developing the human capital within and the careers of their employees. The study’s findings revealed that all four of the PCMBs (career planning, career self-exploration, environmental career exploration, and voluntary human capital development) had significant relationships to career success when tested with a multiple regression model. The study’s findings also revealed that there was no significant difference between government and private-sector tax assessors concerning the PCMB/career success relationship. The PCMBs and career success were also investigated by tax assessors’ gender, age, and education level differences. The study was grounded in aspects of career literature including expectancy theory, career management theory, career development theory, social cognitive career theory, the model of proactive behaviors, and boundaryless and protean career theory. There were also no significant differences in perception of career success for employment, gender, age groups, and educational level. The theoretical framework for this study supported previous findings from the literature.