Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering (PhD)

Degree Level



Mechanical Engineering


Uchechukwu C. Wejinya

Committee Member

Chao-Hung S. Tung

Second Committee Member

Po-Hao A. Huang

Third Committee Member

Min Zou

Fourth Committee Member

Kaiming Ye


Applied sciences, Afm, Cnt, Isfet, Mems, Nanoindentation, Nanoscratching


A combination of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and Ion Selective Field Effect Transistor (ISFET) is designed and experimentally verified in order to develop the next generation ion concentration sensing system. Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) fabrication techniques, such as photolithography, diffusion, evaporation, lift-off, packaging, etc., are required in the fabrication of the CNT-ISFET structure on p-type silicon wafers. In addition, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) based surface nanomachining is investigated and used for creating nanochannels on silicon surfaces. Since AFM based nanomanipulation and nanomachining is highly controllable, nanochannels are precisely scratched in the area between the source and drain of the FET where the inversion layer is after the ISFET is activated. Thus, a bundle of CNTs are able to be aligned inside a single nanochannel by Dielectrophoresis (DEP) and the drain current is improved greatly due to CNTs` remarkable and unique electrical properties, for example, high current carrying capacity. ISFET structures with or without CNTs are fabricated and tested with different pH solutions. Besides the CNT-ISFET pH sensing system, this dissertation also presents novel AFM-based nanotechnology for learning the properties of chemical or biomedical samples in micro or nano level. Dimensional and mechanical property behaviors of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers (VACNFs) are studied after temperature and humidity treatment using AFM. Furthermore, mechanical property testing of biomedical samples, such as microbubbles and engineered soft tissues, using AFM based nanoindentation is introduced, and the methodology is of great directional value in the area.